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Showing posts from June, 2015

King Lamoni and Xibalba

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The following post is a regurgitation of the concluding remarks of John E. Clark's presentation at the 2005 FAIRLDS conference.
One of the strangest exchanges in the Book of Mormon, strange to us, takes place between Ammon  and King Lamoni, in Alma 18. Having finally gained his attention and the opportunity to teach him the true religion, Ammon and Lamoni have the following exchange:
And Ammon said unto him again: Believest thou that this Great Spirit, who is God, created all things which are in heaven and in the earth? 

And he said: Yea, I believe that he created all things which are in the earth; but I do not know the heavens. 

And Ammon said unto him: The heavens is a place where God dwells and all his holy angels. And king Lamoni said: Is it above the earth? 

And Ammon said: Yea, and he looketh down upon all the children of men; and he knows all the thoughts and intents of the heart; for by his hand were they all created from the beginning.
Using Mayan texts to illuminate the Book…

The Nephite Sacred Bundle

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Sacred bundles, which generally contain the ritual paraphernalia of a cult, were among the most sacred object of the Aztecs, and some of the other Mesoamerican peoples, as well as the Plains and Pueblo Indians. There where individual bundles held by priest-shamans, and there were institutional bundels held by tribes, clans, ceremonial organizations and villages. The institutional bundles were brought by the tribe on it's migration to the present locale and formed the focus of the group's commonality"(1).

"The textual histories that record the Mexica migration often mention the presence of Huitzilipochtli's sacred bundle and its importance in directing the progress of the journey. The bundle(tlaquimilolli) of Huitzilipochtli appears throughout the pictorial migration in the Codex Azcatitlan" as a man's head, topped by a humming bird head.(2). Huitzilipochtli's sacred bundle was supposedly passed on through the generations and was spirited away from it…

Gidgiddoni: Brass Plates in the North Kingdom?

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John Gee and Matt Roper have pointed out the existance of the non-biblical Book of Mormon name, Gidgiddoni, in Neo-Assyrian texts, the same Assyria mentioned so many times in the Bible.
As they note, "The simplest explanation is that an Assyrian individual with the name Gidgiddanu was mentioned in the brass plates. This was then the source of the name for this particular military leader several centuries later." They also explain that the a is long, an important fact since Assyrian(Akkadian) long a becomes o in Hebrew. Cuneiform does not have an o sound thus various strategies are used to reproduce it. 
What's fascinating about this is that the Assyrians conquered and dispersed the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722BC. By 600BC, Lehi, a Mannasehite, and Ishmael, an Emphraimite, are living at Jerusalem thus indicating that they and Laban, a fellow Josephite, were descended from northern refugees who fled down to Judea. What's more, Lehi's genealogy was recorded on …